Scientists in Germany have lit up an ‘artificial sun’ which can radiate energy equivalent to 10,000 suns and can help research in eco-friendly fuels and generate them as well.
This ‘artificial sun’ named Synlight, has been installed in Juelich region in Germany. Synlight, is an amalgamation of 149 xenon lamps, similar to the ones used for cinema projection. These lamps when focused collectively onto a metal sheet of 8*8 inches, generate energy equivalent to 10,000. This structure is a giant one measuring 16 metres in width and 14 metres high. These xenon 350-kilowatt lights are shaped in a honeycomb array which when focused on can generate as much heat as 3000 degrees Celsius.
The reason behind using such a powerful and intense source of light is climate friendly fuel hydrogen. Hydrogen’s benefit as a fuel has been studied deeply over a period of time and has been proved scientifically, which has triggered such measures for its study and generation for its usage as a fuel.
Hydrogen when burnt, does not emit carbon into the atmosphere and hence it is an environment friendly fuel, but as production of hydrogen cannot happen naturally such high amount of electricity is required as one of the processes to generate it.
When the beam of Synlight is focused on the metal, it heats it up which when brought in contact with water splits oxygen and hydrogen. Eventually hydrogen is created which then used as a fuel in vehicular engines.
The only drawback of Synlight is its massive consumption of electricity. For a usage of few hours, it consumes energy equivalent to an entire one year electricity of a household. However scientists say that once the concept goes beyond its testing phase and is commercially developed it can be curbed to a substantial proportional making it economically viable for industries.