US space agency NASA has strengthened its Solar System exploration projects by adding in four new teams to explore and study our Solar System in greater detail.
According to NASA, the new teams will be joining the existing teams to work on scientific questions about the moon, near-Earth asteroids, the Martian moons Phobos and Deimos, and their near space environments, in cooperation with international partners.
The first group will concentrating on robotics, cosmology, astrophysics and heliophysics to advance manned space exploration. This team is from the University of Colorado. The second team will be responsible for developing tools and methods for manned missions to different celestial bodies in the Solar System and have been assigned a project called “Toolbox for Research and Exploration”.
The third team is from Georgia Institute of Technology and it will be exploring how radiation affects human-made composite materials while also looking at ways to minimise astronauts’ exposure to harmful radiation.
The fourth group, called Exploration Science Pathfinder Research for Enhancing Solar System Observations or ESPRESSO will assist NASA in understanding the events that are hazardous for robotic and human explorers in space. With the better knowledge of hazardous events in space, disasters can be predicted and managed.
NASA also revealed it will be setting aside $3 to $5 million of its budget per year to fund the teams’ research for the next five years.
In an effort to advance basic and applied research for lunar and planetary science, and advance human exploration of the solar system through scientific discovery. NASA created the Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute or SSERVI to advance basic and applied research for lunar and planetary science, and advance human exploration of the solar system through scientific discovery.